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Civil Engineer Job Description

A civil engineer is an engineer who is concerned with the planning, design, construction and/or maintenance of public works such as bridges, dams, railroads, sewage systems, and airfields. Civil engineers apply scientific knowledge and engineering principles to plan and design construction projects and to ensure that the projects are constructed in the safest possible manner.

A civil engineer should be enthusiastic, creative, methodical, safety conscious, and able to analyze and solve complex problems and perform risks assessment and management. They should be good at mathematics, computer-aided design, and project management. They should have a reasonable level of physically fitness and willingness to work outdoors, as they may work at construction sites and remote locations.

Famous civil engineers include Archimedes of Syracuse (principle of fluid displacement), Daniel Bernoulli (fluid dynamics), Henry Bessemer (mass production of steel), Gustave Eiffel (structural architecture), Arthur Casagrande (soil mechanics), Wendel Bollman (truss bridges), and Thomas Brassey (railroad building),

Pursue a career in civil engineering if you have aptitude for mathematics and science, and interest in the design and construction of structures such as roads, bridges and dams.

What does a Civil Engineer do?

Civil engineers may do some or all of the following:

Working Conditions

Civil engineers usually work normal office hours, but may sometimes work evenings and weekends to meet deadlines. They work in offices, laboratories and construction sites.

What is Required to Become a Civil Engineer?

To become a civil engineer, you need to have a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering or a related discipline.

Secondary school students interested in studying civil engineering should take preparatory subjects such as chemistry, physics, computer, and mathematics, including algebra, trigonometry, and calculus. Agricultural science is also useful as knowledge of soil science is important.


Just to give you an idea, some of the classes that you’ll be taking in college may include:


A civil engineer may specialize to become any of the following:

Knowledge, Skills and Attributes

Civil engineers need to have:


Alternative Careers

If this is your profession and you would like to add to or amend any of the information above, then please get in touch with us at