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Sociologist Job Description

A sociologist is a social scientist who studies the development, structure, and functioning of human society. Sociologists carry out research to find solutions to social problems and to help formulate public policies.

A sociologist should be responsible, perceptive, enquiring, objective, analytical and methodical, and have the ability to communicate effectively. They should also be open-minded to tolerate people who think differently from them.

Famous sociologists include Emile Durkheim (reform of the French school system), Karl Marx (“The Communist Manifesto" and "Das Kapital"), Max Weber (rationalization and historical-comparative approach), Erving Goffman (symbolic interaction) and Pierre Bourdieu (class deprivation theory).

Pursue a career in sociology if you have an analytical mind and interest in exploring human social relationships.

What does a Sociologist do?

Sociologists may do some or all of the following:

Working Conditions

Sociologists usually work normal office hours, but may sometimes work evenings and weekends to meet deadlines. They work in offices, but may also work outdoors when conducting research. They may travel to conduct research or to attend conferences or seminars.

What is Required to Become a Sociologist?

To become a sociologist, you will need a master's or doctoral degree in sociology or a similar discipline.


Just to give you an idea, some of the classes that you’ll be taking in college may include:


A sociologist may specialize to become any of the following:

Knowledge, Skills and Attributes

Sociologists need to have:


Alternative Careers

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