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Economist Job Description

An economist is a social scientist with an expert knowledge of economics – the study of goods and services. Economists study the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services by collecting and analyzing economic and statistical data, monitoring trends, and evaluating economic systems.

An economist should be inquisitive, quick-witted, practical, investigative and methodical, and have the ability to think critically, make good judgments and solve problems. They should be able to communicate effectively to explain information to others in the simplest of ways.

Famous economists include Richard Henry Tawney (Religion and the Rise of Capitalism), Xenophon (author of Oeconomicus), Friedrich August von Hayek (optimum allocation of resources), Karl Marx (founder of modern communism), and Antoine Augustin Cournot (Influenced the use of mathematics in economics).

Pursue a career in economics if you have an analytical mind and interest in studying the society to find out how people use scarce resources to satisfy their unlimited needs and wants.

What does an Economist do?

Economists may do some or all of the following:

Where does an Economist work?

Places of work for economists include:

Working Conditions

Economists usually work normal office hours, but may sometimes work evenings and weekends to meet deadlines. Their work is usually office based, but they may travel for research or to attend conferences.

What is Required to Become an Economist?

To become an economist, you will need a master's or doctoral degree in economics or a similar discipline.


Just to give you an idea, some of the classes that you’ll be taking in college may include:


An Economist may specialize to become any of the following:

Knowledge, Skills and Attributes

Economists need to have:


If this is your profession and you would like to add to or amend any of the information above, then please get in touch with us at