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Anthropologist Job Description

An anthropologist is a social scientist with an expert knowledge of anthropology – the study of humankind. Anthropologists study our past and present to understand and explain who we are, how we evolved, and what our future might be like.

An anthropologist should be patient, enthusiastic, enquiring, observant, determined and methodical, and have the ability to think critically and solve problems. They should be able to communicate effectively and work well with others in a team.

Famous anthropologists include Herodotus (ancient anthropologist), Tacitus (ancient anthropologist), Margaret Mead (cultural anthropologist), Alfred Russel Wallace (natural explorer), Al-Biruni (Persian Muslim scholar), Leslie Alvin White (neoevolutionism), Bronisław Piotr Piłsudski (Ainu ethnic group), and Nancy Scheper-Hughes (International activist).

Pursue a career in anthropology if you have an enquiring mind and interest in human culture and development.

What does an Anthropologist do?

Anthropologists may do some or all of the following:

Working Conditions

Anthropologists work indoors in offices and outdoors in the field. Those who work in offices usually work normal office hours, while those who do fieldworks may work long hours including weekends and evenings depending on the tasks at hand. They may travel for fieldworks or to attend conferences, and stay away from home for a period of time.

What is Required to Become an Anthropologist?

To become an anthropologist, you will need a master’s or doctoral degree in anthropology or a similar discipline.

Secondary school students interested in studying anthropology should take classes such as Statistics, geography, English, art history, physics and chemistry, as anthropology crosses the boundary between art and science.


Just to give you an idea, some of the classes that you’ll be taking in college may include:


An anthropologist may specialize to become any of the following:

Knowledge, Skills and Attributes

Anthropologists need to have:


Alternative Careers

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