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Microbiologist Job Description

A microbiologist is scientist who studies microscopic organisms and how they interact with their environment. Microbiologists study the structure, function, chemistry, evolution and ecology of microbes to find ways of applying them to benefit mankind in areas such as agriculture, food production and medicine.

A microbiologist should be curious, analytical, methodical, patient, persistent and safety-conscious, and have the ability to handle and operate scientific equipment. They should also be able to communicate effectively and work well independently and in a team.

Famous microbiologist include Anton Van Leeuwenhoek ( early description of protozoa, fungi, and bacteria), Louis Pasteur (germ theory), Robert Koch (Koch’s postulate), Ferdinand J Cohn (classification of bacteria), Paul Ehrlich (cure for syphilis), Alexander Fleming (penicillin), and Francis Peyton Rous (first experimental prove of virus causing cancer).

Pursue a career in microbiology if you have aptitude for science and interest in microorganisms and their effects. You should be someone who enjoys doing laboratory experiments and working with a microscope.

What does a Microbiologist do?

Microbiologists may do some or all of the following:

Where does a Microbiologist work?

Places of work for microbiologists include:

Working Conditions

Microbiologists usually work normal office hours, but may sometimes work evenings and weekends during extensive experiments. They usually work indoors in laboratories, classrooms and offices. Microbiologists must be very safety-conscious to handle harmful microorganisms and keep them from reproducing uncontrollable.

What is Required to Become a Microbiologist?

To become a microbiologist, you will need a master’s degree in microbiology or a related discipline. A PhD is required for administrative positions and to conduct independent research.

Secondary school students interested in studying microbiology should take preparatory subjects such as English, biology, physics, chemistry, algebra, calculus, and statistics.


Just to give you an idea, some of the classes that you’ll be taking in college may include:


A microbiologist may specialize to become any of the following:

Knowledge, Skills and Attributes

Microbiologists need to have:


Alternative Careers

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