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Geologist Job Description

A geologist is a scientist who studies the rocks, soil, and minerals of the earth. Geologists explore the earth to understand how it works and predict natural hazard events such as earthquake and volcanic eruptions. Their investigations also help in locating, extracting and protecting the natural resources of the earth.

A geologist should be curious, observant, methodical, analytical and adaptable, and have the ability to interpret geological processes. They should also have good critical thinking and problem solving skills, and the ability and willingness to travel and perform field work.

Pursue a career in geology if you are good at science, geography and mathematics, and interested in studying the earth’s composition, structure and history.

What does a Geologist do?

Geologists may do some or all of the following:

Where does a Geologist work?

Places of work for geologists include:

Working Conditions

Geologists may work normal office hours or long and irregular hours including evenings and weekends. They work in indoors in offices, classrooms and laboratories, and outdoors in mines and on geological sites. They may travel to geological sites and work in severe weather and physically demanding conditions.

What is Required to Become a Geologist?

To become a geologist, you will need a bachelor’s or master’s degree in geology or a related discipline.

Secondary school students interested in becoming geologists should take preparatory subjects such as physics, chemistry, geography, mathematics, statistics, and computer science.


Just to give you an idea, some of the classes that you’ll be taking in college may include:


A geologist may specialize to become any of the following:

Knowledge, Skills and Attributes

Geologists need to have:


Alternative Careers

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