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Soil Scientist Job Description

A soil scientist is a person who studies the biological, physical and chemical properties of soils to understand soils and find ways of improving their qualities. A soil scientist also provides information and recommendations to farmers, builders, engineers and environmentalists on soil management and conservation.

A soil scientist should be curious, innovative, methodical, analytical, practical, adaptable and persistent, and have the ability to handle and operate scientific equipment. They should be able to communicate effectively and work well independently and in a team.

What does a Soil Scientist do?

Soil scientists may do some or all of the following:

Where does a Soil Scientist work?

Places of work for soil scientists include:

Working Conditions

Soil scientists usually work normal office hours, but may sometimes work evenings and weekends to meet deadlines. They work indoors in offices, laboratories and classrooms, and outdoors soil sites. They may travel for fieldwork and work in all weather conditions.

What is Required to Become a Soil Scientist?

To become a soil scientist, you will need to have a bachelor’s or master’s degree in soil science or a related discipline.

Secondary school students interested in studying soil science should take preparatory subjects such as English, biology, agricultural science, chemistry, physics, and statistics.


Just to give you an idea, some of the classes that you’ll be taking in college may include:

Knowledge, Skills and Attributes

Soil scientists need to have:


Alternative Careers

If this is your profession and you would like to add to or amend any of the information above, then please get in touch with us at